South Africa says it adheres to the guidelines set by the ICNIRP.
These can be downloaded here: ICNIRP_RF_Guidelines_PCD_2018_07_11
The following are various critiques of the guidelines:
- Scientific Study Critique on ICNIRP Guidelines.
- ICNIRP Misrepresents the National Toxicology Program Study on Cell Phone…
- Study by Independent Scientists published in the NCBI tps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc site: “Radiofrequency (RF) radiation in the frequency range of 30 kHz-300 GHz is classified as a ‘possible’ human carcinogen, Group 2B, by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) since 2011. The evidence has since then been strengthened by further research; thus, RF radiation may now be classified as a human carcinogen, Group 1. In spite of this, microwave radiations are expanding with increasing personal and ambient exposure. One contributing factor is that the majority of countries rely on guidelines formulated by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP), a private German non-governmental organization. ICNIRP relies on the evaluation only of thermal (heating) effects from RF radiation, thereby excluding a large body of published science demonstrating the detrimental effects caused by non-thermal radiation. The fifth generation, 5G, for microwave radiation is about to be implemented worldwide in spite of no comprehensive investigations of the potential risks to human health and the environment. In an appeal sent to the EU in September, 2017 currently >260 scientists and medical doctors requested for a moratorium on the deployment of 5G until the health risks associated with this new technology have been fully investigated by industry-independent scientists. The appeal and four rebuttals to the EU over a period of >2 years, have not achieved any positive response from the EU to date. Unfortunately, decision makers seem to be uninformed or even misinformed about the risks. EU officials rely on the opinions of individuals within the ICNIRP and the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR), most of whom have ties to the industry. They seem to dominate evaluating bodies and refute risks. It is important that these circumstances are described. In this article, the warnings on the health risks associated with RF presented in the 5G appeal and the letters to the EU Health Commissioner since September, 2017 and the authors’ rebuttals are summarized. The responses from the EU seem to have thus far prioritized industry profits to the detriment of human health and the environment.
Conclusion: In conclusion, this article demonstrates that the EU has given mandate to a 13-member, non-governmental private group, the ICNIRP, to decide upon the RF radiation guidelines. The ICNIRP, as well as SCENIHR, are well shown not to use the sound evaluation of science on the detrimental effects of RF radiation, which is documented in the research which is discussed above (9,10,21-24,54,55). These two small organizations are producing reports which seem to deny the existence of scientific published reports on the related risks. It should perhaps be questioned whether it is in the realm of protecting human health and the environment by EU and whether the safety of EU citizens and the environment can be protected by not fully understanding the health-related risks.
See full study here.
- Electromagnetic Radiation Due to Cellular, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Technologies: How Safe Are We? by IEEE ACCESS -Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
SPECIAL SECTION ON ANTENNA AND PROPAGATION FOR 5G AND BEYONDhttps://childrenshealthdefense.org/…/04-07-20-IEEE-Wireless…
See more on the EMSA site: https://www.emfsa.co.za/page/2/?s=ICNIRP
Look HERE for the safety guidelines to protect your family.
Look here for a study done in South Africa.
This government study developed a multidisciplinary framework and simulation computer modelling drawing input from several international standards and guidelines for non-native EMF (nnEMF) protection within the parameters of South African legislation, and scientific-technical analysis.
The study presented the demonstration of a public interest override function of ‘substances released into the environment’ and ‘public safety or environmental risk’.
The purpose of the study was to provide a demonstration how National, Provincial and Municipal divisions of government can cost-effectively model an appropriate nnEMF protection standard given an array of input parameters for a variety of iterative output scenarios and nnEMF technologies.
New and ongoing
The system will enable Continuous Monitoring of Cellular Radiation by Collecting Information Directly from the Radio Switch Networks of the Cellular Carriers Nationwide. A regulatory body could monitor all sectors around the country from his/her desk and receive all radiation related data from every antenna, everywhere in the country, 1500 time every second, 365 days a year.
New Policies and Legislation
The Advertising Standards Association (ASA) of South Africa requested the lead author of the completed study (J.C. Lech et al.) to strengthen existing ASA policies and rulings in drafting new updated clauses for the ASA to be drafted into the Consumer Protection Act.
Parliament had started the foundational work of developing a Private Bill for a National EMF radiation protection standard.
The Kwazulu-Natal Provincial government is drafting Provincial planning and development Norms and Standards for electronic communication facilities.
Recently, in the High Court of Johannesburg, Glassop & Granville v City of Johannesburg and Others, CCT: 41869/2018, the Judge ordered a cellular base station powered down due to health reasons.
In the study a proposed modelling solution was developed and discussed toward addressing this issue. Applicable to power lines, artificial light and cell towers in modelling the different configurations on the balance of drastically reducing the potential health impact and impact on property values.
Reviews of the study by Organs of State found the model could aid in accelerating the review processes for nnEMF infrastructure permit applications. The model enables a scientific analysis to each case scenario.
For a municipality, this significantly reduces the issues of subjective biases, user oversight or negligence. A reviewer’ s comment: “ the proposed model provides the benefit of a more rigorous and fact based standard to assist in achieving transparent and accountable government in South Africa.”
Areas of public concern and national responses from Organs of State following the review of the completed study (J.C. Lech et al.) recommend departments of Government to use the research in “measuring the impact of nnEMF because it will go a long way to set a scientific standard for assessing the seriousness of the environmental impact of such emissions”. “The benefit of a more rigorous and fact based standard to assist in achieving transparent and accountable government in South Africa”.
A scientific review panel of the NFR (National Research Foundation found the relevance of the problem statement is convincing from the standpoint of the link between unregulated nnEMF exposure, environments, and increased the risk of diseases to humans. The study (J.C. Lech) presented a strongly conceptualised proposal. The literature is thoroughly reviewed for key aspects of the study and adequate literature was cited in a way to show gaps to fill in the proposed research. The researcher diligently provided information in a very convincing and understandable manner. The project ideas are novel and will contribute to the generation of both new methodologies and new knowledge on the exposure of the nnEMF environment and the impact on increased diseases in the society. From reviews:” the completed and ongoing research is highly in-line with South Africa’s national strategies and that of many departments”.
Increasingly, communities have been strongly opposing the erection of cellular base stations and transmitters with municipal permits applications being retracted or denied and or renewals being denied. Found from the completed study (J.C. Lech et al.) the primary motivation behind the objection is the lack of required information submitted by the base stations installers and or lack of demonstrable regulation or monitoring of the base station. Reviewers explained, with there being no national nnEMF radiation exposure safety standard in South Africa, the argument is based on the false sense of safety associated with lack of a standard and consequently lack of surveillance of nnEMF exposure to the public. Because it cannot be denied that there is potential of harm from exposure to nnEMF radiation, legally binding exposure standards have been established in many countries worldwide. Technology is a very powerful tool with many benefits. However, when unregulated it can cause a great deal of harm.
It is impossible to make a device that has no risk but the law evaluates probably risks, and a permit or license is entitled if the probable risks are balanced out by the probable benefits. In the case of permit applications, in the applicant’s refusing in providing the needed and correctly elaborated information, it is impossible to state if a potential site poses a probable risk or not.
Following review of the completed study (J.C. Lech et al.), the African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) has been campaigning and providing assistance to communities advocating against the erection and operation of unregulated nnEMF exposure in South Africa, calling for the application of a standard in-line with Christian principles and risk-threshold values